Tasking Satellites to Get Actionable Insights

  • 25th Sep,2023
  • 1.5K Views
  • 4 mins Read

Some 40 years back, if the average person wished to access satellite imagery, it would have been wishful thinking. That was the era when only governments and military operations controlled by them had exclusive dominion over space. They released tidbits of satellite data to showcase their achievements. The tide started turning towards the twilight of the bipolar Cold War. Russia realized that they could monetize the valuable satellite data, and in 1992, they began selling it to the highest bidder. The United States went one-up on geospatial data exploration in 1994 by permitting private companies to build and launch their own satellites. 

Today, commercial satellites cover most of the world's lands and oceans. The scenario has led to the democratization of earth observation data. More companies are offering satellite tasking, which means you can commission a satellite to capture images on your designated Area of Interest (AOI).

Demystifying Satellite Tasking

Let's say you have a toy robot that can fly up in the sky and take pictures of things. Satellite tasking is like telling the robot where to go and what to take pictures of. In a sense, you are assigning it a specific task. People on Earth can send commands to the satellite, telling it where to go and what to look at. Satellite tasking is like instructing a flying robot to take pictures of something specific in space or on Earth. Instead of relying on pre-scheduled or random imagery, tasking satellites allow us to control what, when, and where data is collected. This targeted approach to satellite observation ensures that we obtain the precise information we need when we need it.

Why Satellite Tasking When There's Google Earth

Satellites can see parts of the spectrum that are not visible to humans, such as infrared and ultraviolet. As a result, optical satellites can measure things like the ocean's temperature and the vegetation's health. The most common use for optical imagery is mapping-consider Google Earth, which made satellite imagery available to the public on an unprecedented scale. However, Google Earth's resolution varies greatly. Similarly, its revisit rate is inconsistent and can be incredibly slow: some areas don't get updated for years. You'll need more reliable images to monitor infrastructure or construction. Tasking satellites offer several advantages over traditional satellite imagery. Firstly, it allows us to capture high-resolution images of specific locations, providing a level of detail that is often essential for decision-making. Secondly, by being able to task satellites on demand, we can respond quickly to emerging situations and obtain real-time data.

Understanding its Working

It all begins with a client requesting tasking for a specific AOI and basic parameters—such as cloud coverage, how the image will be processed, what kind of capture technique will be used (like mono, stereo, tristereo), and what kind of spectral bands are required. You can also task a satellite via an API. Satellite tasking involves various image acquisition methods, including panchromatic, multispectral, and hyperspectral. Each method has its own advantages and is used for different purposes. 

Scientists can identify and monitor changes in land cover, water quality, and atmospheric conditions by analyzing the spectral signatures of objects and materials. 

Mapping The Use Cases

Satellite tasking unlocks a world of possibilities for obtaining actionable insights. From resource management to disaster response, the applications are numerous.

Urban Planning and Infrastructure Development: Tasking satellites are invaluable for urban planners and infrastructure developers. They provide detailed and up-to-date images of cities, helping to identify areas for potential development or redevelopment.

Agriculture and Crop Monitoring: In agriculture, tasking satellites offer tremendous benefits. By capturing data on crop health, soil moisture, and vegetation indices, farmers can make informed decisions about irrigation, fertilization, and pest control. 

Disaster Management and Emergency Response: When disaster strikes, every minute counts. Tasking satellites can provide critical information for disaster management and emergency response teams. By capturing real-time imagery and data, authorities can assess damages, identify areas needing assistance, and more effectively plan rescue and recovery efforts.

Challenges and Limitations in Tasking Satellites 

It is true that satellites appear like futuristic superheroes, but they have their own challenges and limitations.

Technical Limitations and Constraints: Satellites may have a bird's eye view of the world but are not immune to technological limitations. Factors like limited resolution, weather conditions, and sensor capabilities can impact the quality and quantity of data satellites gather.

Data Quality and Accuracy: Just because satellites can snap stunning pictures from space doesn't mean every pixel holds the key to actionable insights. Data quality and accuracy can be affected by various factors, such as atmospheric interference, sensor calibration, and image processing techniques.

Cost and Accessibility: Access to satellite tasking services is not always a walk in the park. The costs associated with tasking satellites and acquiring data can be significant, limiting accessibility for smaller businesses or organizations with limited budgets.

Future Trends and Innovations

As technology progresses, satellites become smarter, more agile, and capable of capturing higher-resolution imagery. Advancements in miniaturization, propulsion systems, and onboard processing are revolutionizing satellites' operations. Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) could be game-changers in the satellite tasking arena. By integrating these technologies, satellites can analyze vast amounts of data autonomously, detect patterns, and deliver real-time actionable insights. The combination of these two technologies can enable more accurate and efficient decision-making, leading to groundbreaking applications in disaster response and climate change monitoring.
 

Image
AUTHOR:
Jayajit Dash

Senior Manager- Corporate Communications (Marketing)

More Blog Posts from Jayajit Dash

Smart City - 4 MINS READ

Embracing smart technologies can make Smart Cities sustainable and liveable

GovTech Solution - 3 MINS READ

How governments can redesign smart dashboards to feel the project pulse

Digital Transformation - 3 MINS READ

Anchoring success with Port Management Solution

Emerging Technologies - 4 MINS READ

GCCs can script the future playbook of innovation

Agriculture - 4 MINS READ

Why you need Agritech for food security, farmers’ empowerment

Tourism - 3 MINS READ

How to Unlock More Value from Digital Tourism Ecosystems

Social Registry - 3 MINS READ

Dynamic Social Registries can Deepen Economic Inclusion

Mining Technology - 3 MINS READ

Think Generative AI for Mining- Possibilities Meet Promises

EduTech - 3 MINS READ

How Tech can Transform Outcomes in Scholarship Management

Emerging Technologies - 4 MINS READ

In The din of Elections, AI Regulation is Making Noise Too

Most Viewed Blog Posts

Mines & Minerals - 3 MINS READ

Digital Logistics for Pivoting To Mining 4.0

Mines & Minerals - 3 MINS READ

Big Data & Analytics For Mining Sector Transformation

Emerging Technologies - 3 MINS READ

Artificial Intelligence: The Future Is Here

Mines & Minerals - 3 MINS READ

Automated Industrial Inspections to Leapfrog Business Reforms

Emerging Technologies - 2 MINS READ

e-Governance: Adopting Agile Methodology

Digital Transformation - 3 MINS READ

How Digitization Reformed the Food Supply Chain in Odisha

Healthcare - 3 MINS READ

CoVaTrack: Tracking The Enigmatic Vaccine

Digital Transformation - 2 MINS READ

How This Budget with a Digital Pulse can Turnaround India

Blockchain - 1 MIN READ

Blockchain : The Trust Protocol for Data Integrity through Distributed Power

Emerging Technologies - 3 MINS READ

How Emerging Tech Can Empower Social Commerce


Subscribe
to our newsletter

Subscribe to have CSM's insights, articles, white papers delivered directly to your inbox. Privacy Policy


Join our exclusive newsletter community on Linkedin